Framework Setup

Creating the Gradle Project

  1. Launch IntelliJ and select ‘Create New Project’
  2. Select ‘Gradle’ in the left pane
    • Select the appropriate Java JDK in the ‘Project SDK’ dropdown at the top (should be the one installed previously.  For purposes of this guide and for simplicity reasons, we are using Java 8 JDK)
      • Make sure ‘Java’ is check in the right pane
    • Click ‘Next’
  3. In the ‘GroupId’ field, enter an appropriate name (e.g. “com.producttestframework”)
  4. In the ‘ArtifactId’ field, input an appropriate name (e.g. “AutomationFramework”)
  5. Click ‘Next’
  6. Check the ‘Use auto-import’ checkbox
  7. Ensure the ‘Use default gradle wrapper (recommended)’ radio button is selected
  8. Ensure ‘Use Project JDK’ is selected for the Gradle JVM
  9. Click ‘Next’
  10. Give an appropriate Project Name (e.g. “ProductAutomation”) and an appropriate project location on your local machine (e.g. ~/Users/username/DevProjects/ProductAutomation)
  11. Click ‘Finish’
  12. Advance to IntelliJ IDEA –> Preferences/Settings –> Build, Execution, Deployment –> Build Tools –> Gradle
    • Check the ‘Create directories for empty content roots automatically’ checkbox
      • This will create your src/main and src/test sub-directories and resources for you
  13. Click ‘Apply’
  14. Click ‘OK’

Gradle Dependencies

You can manage all your projects dependencies, plugins and packages by simply adding them accordingly into your Gradle project’s build.gradle file ?

  1. Open up the build.gradle file and add the following dependencies within the dependencies braces.
    • Remove the ‘junit’ dependency that was added by default

Please note that the latest versions may change since the date I wrote this guide.  I recommend searching for each dependency below on https://mvnrepository.com and simply copying the dependencies from there for Gradle and then pasting them into your project’s build.gradle file.

Do make sure however, that you include certain information like ‘exclusions’ for JUnit in the TestNG dependency as shown in my examples below.

Cucumber Dependencies

Cucumber-Java

Cucumber-JVM-Deps

Cucumber-TestNG

Cucumber-Reporting

TestNG Dependencies

TestNG

Selenium WebDriver Dependencies

Selenium Java

Appium Dependencies

Appium Java Client

Tell Gradle to use TestNG.xml File

Later in this blog series, we will create a testng.xml file which we use to run our different test suites, defined for example in our TestRunner class that we will also make.  We need to specifically tell Gradle to use our testng.xml file for test classes and ordering, so lets configure a test suite (xml) to be executed in a Gradle task 🙂

  1. Add the following TestNG task below the dependencies section in your build.gradle file…

When complete, the whole build.gradle file should look similar to below…

IntelliJ Plugins

Cucumber for Java Plugin

  1. Ensure ‘Cucumber for Java’ plugin is installed and enabled in IntelliJ by going to Settings –> Plugins and ensuring ‘Cucumber for Java’ is checked
    1. MacOS: IntelliJ IDEA –> Preferences –> Plugins
    2. Windows: File –> Settings –> Plugins

Create a .gitignore File

  1. In IntelliJ, right-click on your project root and select New –> File
    1. Name the file .gitignore and click OK
  2. Paste the following into your .gitignore file (this is a default template used for Maven projects)

    Now would be a good time to save the project if you haven’t yet done so! 🙂

Packages & Directory Structure

  1. Right-click on the {project-root}/src/test/java directory, select New –> Package, and add the following packages (as well as sub packages within other packages.  You may need to put a temporary dummy file in ‘utils’ package first before adding the sub-packages)
    • pages
    • steps
    • utils
      • drivers
      • extensions
      • helpers
      • hooks
      • appium
  2. Right-click on the {project-root}/src/test directory, select New –> Directory
    • Name the directory ‘resources’ and click OK
  3. Right-click on the {project-root}/src/test/resources directory and select ‘Mark Directory As’ –> ‘Test Resources Root’ (if not marked already)
  4. Right-click the /src/test/resources directory again and select New –> Directory
    • Name the directory ‘features’ and click OK

Initial Files in each Package / Directory

Features folder

  1. Right-click the ‘features’ directory, select ‘New’ –> ‘File’ and add the following feature files (Feature files is what Cucumber uses to write BDD scenarios using Gherkin language. Please see https://cucumber.io/ for more information)
    • BaseScenarios.feature

Pages package

  1. Right-click the ‘pages’ package, select ‘New’ –> ‘Java Class’ and add the following classes to the package (the ‘pages’ package will contain all our class files for our web pages / page objects, following Page Object Model (POM) principles. Please see https://goo.gl/4iq2Et for more information)
    • Page
    • BasePage

Steps package

  1. Right-click the ‘steps’ package, select ‘New’ –> ‘Java Class’ and add the following classes to the package (the ‘steps’ package will contain all our step definitions, which acts as the glue that connects our BDD/Gherkin language scenarios in our Feature files, to our test methods in our Java classes.  Please see https://docs.cucumber.io/cucumber/step-definitions/ for more information)
    • BaseScenariosSteps
      • this class contains all the step definitions for your base scenarios
    • BaseSteps
      • this is simply an empty placeholder class which inherits from the ‘Page’ class, to follow POM principles
    • DynamicTableSteps
      • this class contains all the step definitions for scenario lines which contain dynamic data tables
    • NonDynamicTableSteps
      • this class contains all the step definitions for scenario lines which contain non-dynamic data tables
    • ReturnClickSteps
      • this class contains all the step definitions for scenario lines / test methods which return a new Page Object when a mobile element is clicked or tapped on
    • SendKeysSteps
      • this class contains all the step definitions for scenario lines / test methods which sends keys / a string to a mobile element
    • ValidationSteps
      • this class contains all the step definitions for our test assertions
    • VoidClickSteps
      • this class contains all the step definitions for scenario lines / test methods that do not return anything (void) when a mobile element is clicked or tapped on

Utils package

Drivers package

  1. Right-click the ‘drivers’ package, select ‘New’ –> ‘Java Class’ and add the following classes to the package (the ‘drivers’ package will contain class files for all the different AppiumDrivers our test framework will use)
    • AndroidAppDriver

Extensions package

  1. Right-click the ‘extensions’ package, select ‘New’ –> ‘Java Class’ and add the following classes to the package (the ‘extensions’ package will contain class files for all our static methods that we can use as extensions to our existing functionality)
    • GeneralExtensions
    • JavascriptExtensions
    • JqueryExtensions
    • JquerySelectorExtensions
    • WebDriverExtensions
    • MobileElementExtensions
    • EspressoExtensions

Helpers package

  1. Right-click the ‘helpers’ package, select ‘New’ –> ‘Java Class’ and add the following classes to the package (the ‘helpers’ package will contain class files for all our static methods which can act as helpers to our existing functionality)
    • GeneralHelpers
    • JavascriptHelpers

Hooks package

  1. Right-click the ‘hooks’ package, select ‘New’ –> ‘Java Class’ and add the following classes to the package (the ‘hooks’ package will contain classes for all the different hooks we can run before and/or after test runs/suites/scenarios etc.)
    • CucumberHooks
    • StepHooks
    • TestRunHooks

Appium package

  1. Right-click the ‘selenium’ package, select ‘New’ –> ‘Java Class’ and add the following classes to the package (the ‘selenium’ package will contain our core WebDriver setup and DriverController instance, as well as a Settings class where we can list public static variables to be used in our project)
    • Driver
    • DriverController
    • Settings

Installing Appium Server

We can now use NPM (Node Package Manager) to install Appium server globally on our system.

Normally, I like to follow best practices and install all my NPM packages locally to the project that depends on them, however with Appium Server, it is required to install it globally (or add ‘./node_modules/.bin/appium’ to PATH) if you want to be able to start it up programatically in Java using ‘AppiumDriverLocalService’.

This is OK as in a later part of this series when we add our Appium test framework to a CI/CD build server like Jenkins, we can define any NPM packages that we want to install globally in it (and of course Appium Server will be one of those). Obviously any developer working on the project will also need to install Appium Server globally on their machine.

  1. Open up Terminal (or Command Prompt) and change directory (cd) into the local project root for this project…
    cd path/to/Project   (change ‘path/to/Project’ to the path of your local project)
  2. Once at the project root in Terminal (or Command Prompt), let’s initialise NPM so we can create our package.json file which will list all the NPM packages we contain in / that are local to our project (we won’t actually have any because we are installing appium globally, but it’s good practice any how)…
    npm init -y
  3. Now let’s install Appium Server globally to our system…
    npm install -g appium

    • You can check Appium Server was successfully installed globally after, by entering into Terminal (or Command Prompt):  appium -v

Updating .gitignore file

Let’s now exclude the ./node_modules directory from being included in our remote repository. Because we initialised NPM and our project contains a package.json file, any one who clones our repo can simply run  npm install and NPM would read through the package.json file and automatically install all the listed packages.

  1. Open up the .gitignore file and add  node_modules/ to it

Log4J2

Apache Log4j is a Java-based logging utility. It was originally written by Ceki Gülcü and is part of the Apache Logging Services project of the Apache Software Foundation. Log4j is one of several Java logging frameworks.

Configuring Log4J2

In our framework, we will create a Log4J2 config file and use it to configure our logging to the console.  You can also use Appender class in Log4J2 with a config file to configure logging to files, however we will stick to the Console in this blog series.

You can have one of many different types of Log4J2 config files, with certain filetypes being read before falling back to others.

In our framework, we will go with a simple XML config file.

For more info, please visit https://logging.apache.org/log4j/2.x/manual/configuration.html

Log4J2 XML File

  1. Right-click on the ‘/src/test/resources‘ directory and select ‘New’ -> ‘File’, name the file ‘log4j2-test.xml’ and press OK
  2. Paste the following into the xml file, it should look like below…

In the next section, we will begin writing code for our drivers and the rest of the core framework 😀

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